Terms and Conditions
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A whip is an instruction issued by political parties to vote according to party in a legislature. If a whip is disobeyed, could result in expulsion under anti-defection act. Every political party has its own whip and whip ensures that all member of the party must follow the party line, also ensure attendance of members of the party. Parties appoint a senior member from their House contingents to issue whips this member is called a Chief Whip, and He or she is assisted by additional Whips.
There are three types of whips issued by the party:-
One line whip:- It is issued to inform members of a party about a vote. It allows a member to not to follow the party line if they want so.
Two-line whip:- It is issued to direct the members to be present in the House at the time of voting.
Three-line whip:- It is issued to members directing them to vote as per the party line.
So that's why whips are issued to MLA's or MP's for effecient & smooth functioning of parliament.